Thursday 23 April 2015

Inherited and secondary long alpha

The following neatly illustrate the difference between the inherited long vowel and the result of consonant simplification.

πεδὰ πάνσας σπουδς καὶ φιλοτιμίας Teos 7.7-8 (200 BCE) [cf. μετὰ πάνσας σπουδς καὶ φιλοτιμίας Teos 51.5-6 (200 BCE)].

μετὰ παίσας εὐκοσμίας and μετὰ παίσας εὐνοίας IG XII Suppl. 139.75 and 97 (before 167 BCE).

μετὰ πά̄σης σπουδς καὶ φιλοτιμίς IG II³ 1170.15-16 (208/7 ΒCE).

'Aeolic' sometimes also shows <αι> for original <ᾱ>, but this must be hypercorrect. See Hooker (1977: 31-34) for a discussion of forms such as Βορίαις (Alc. 38.13), ἐπέραισε (Alc. 38a.8), ἐπτόαισε (Sapph. 22.14).

'Aeolic', or Mytilenian Lesbian, αἰμι- for ἡμι- (-θεος, -ονος is an unrelated phenomenon, but has epigraphic corroboration [ of the adj. in lines 9 and 11]). See Buck, The Greek Dialects, section 17 and no. 25, and Schwyzer, GG I 185 Zusatz 3.
Sappho also has αἰμιτύβιον (119), a form not listed separately by LSJ s.v. ἡμιτύβιον.

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